The Effectiveness of the "WE Stand" Programme for Female Migrant Workers and Ethnic Minority Women: A Research Report 《「凝‧動」外籍傭工及少數族裔婦女計劃服務成效：研究報告》
In Hong Kong, there are 320,988 migrant workers (MW) and 451,183 people of ethnic minority origin (EM). Many researchers have pointed out the prevalence and seriousness of the problem of sexual harassment and sexual assault towards MWs, which often remains unreported by the victims to the police. Although little work has been done to understand the sexual violence experiences of EM women in Hong Kong, the trauma and negative impact on mental health that sexual violence can cause is well-documented.
In view of the seriousness of the problem, and the lack of specialized rape crisis services in Hong Kong (particularly one that is catered toward working with MWs and EW women), RainLily started a project entitled "WE Stand Programme for Female Migrant Workers and Ethnic Minority Women" to support survivors of sexual violence from 1 February 2012.
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the WE Stand programme services, so as to understand its strengths, and through the feedback from service users and frontline workers, to arrive at recommendations for service improvement. This study focuses on two components of the programme, namely, "24 hour one-stop crisis intervention and counselling" and "educational workshops". The voices of service users and RainLily's social workers were included in the study.
The findings of the study show that survivors are likely to face a range of problems after being sexually assaulted, such as emotional problems, financial problems, relationship problems, decision making in pregnancy, and problems encountered in the police reporting procedure. The WE Stand programme provides survivors with accompaniment services, legal support, tangible support, interpretation, and referral to other support services such as emergency shelters and psychiatric treatment. The services received positive feedback from the respondents. Respondents showed positive changes after the intervention.
From the perspective of RainLily's social workers, emotional support/counselling, accompaniment and tangible support were the common needs of sexual assault survivors. They generally agreed that their intervention was meaningful in that it brought about positive changes in service users, and was welcomed by the police. However, the social workers encountered some difficulties in working with MW and EM survivors, including cultural and religious differences, issues with interpretation service, inconsistencies and lengthy procedures in police reporting.
The Effectiveness of the "WE Stand Programme for Female Migrant Workers and Ethnic Minority Women": A Research Report 5 The WE Stand programme's educational workshops aim to increase participants' knowledge about sexual violence, clarify rape myths, and increase participants' sense self-efficacy and confidence in taking action to protect themselves. The respondents of this study reported that the workshops met their expectations. In three focus group interviews, MWs, EM women and girls gave positive feedback about the programme. After attending the workshops, their level of awareness and knowledge of the sexual violence had increased, and they had gained more gender awareness and self-confidence. However, they suggested having more sessions in which to practice and consolidate what they have learnt in the workshops.
From the perspective of the RainLily workers, EMs and MWs possessed very little prior knowledge about sexual violence and victims' rights. The need for gender sensitivity and cultural sensitivity while providing intervention was also emphasised. The RainLily workers also expressed that they encountered some difficulties in working with this target group, for example, the lack of formal protocol or guidelines for intervention, inadequate support from migrant worker employment agencies, long working hours of MWs, and family responsibilities of EM women.
The following recommendations are made to the WE Stand Programme for the future development of services: 1) To develop a peer counsellor programme, 2) To provide training to interpreters and other professionals, 3) To suggest improvements in police handling procedures, 4) To provide in-service training for RainLily workers, 5) To promote sex education in schools and in the public, 6) To advocate for policy change and 7) To strengthen service coordination.
是項研究的目的旨在評估 「凝‧動」計劃的服務成效及強項。此研究主要針對 「24小時一站式危機介入及輔導服務」及「教育工作坊」兩部份。服務使用者及風雨蘭社工的意見亦歸納在內。透過服務使用者及前線工作人員的對服務的意見和評價，提出改善服務的建議。
是次研究提出以下的建議：1) 發展朋輩輔導計劃; 2) 為翻譯員及其他外傭/少數族裔機構提供培訓服務; 3) 建議警方改善處理個案的程序; 4)為風雨蘭社工提供在職培訓，提高他們對少數族裔女性的認識; 5) 在學校及社區推行全面性教育; 6) 加強政策倡議的工作; 7) 加強「凝‧動」計劃及其他外傭及少數族裔機構間的聯繫。